Skin discolourisation, sun damage and pigmentation

One of the main ways we judge our appearance is by the colour and texture of our skin – our skin tone. The more even the colour and smoother the texture, the younger we appear and more attractive we feel. But a number of factors can affect skin tone on the face or body, such as changes in the distribution of melanin (skin pigmentation or colouring) or the amount of collagen and elastin (which gives skin its volume and texture).


Types and causes

Sun damage (the effect of sun and free radical damage) – causes changes in skin tone. Long periods of exposure to the UV rays in sunlight can cause damage to skin cells.

Discolouration or pigmentation – can also be caused by birthmarks and melasma (often called the ‘mask of pregnancy’).


  • Sun damage – may lead to darker patches called ‘age spots’ or ‘liver spots’, particularly on the face and hands. It can also reduce levels of collagen and elastin so that skin sags and wrinkles prematurely.
  • Discolouration or pigmentation – light or dark brown areas develop, particularly on the face, in a cluster or big patch rather than as spots or freckles.


While we can’t always stop some of the signs of ageing skin, such as fine lines and wrinkles, we can do lots to maintain a healthy and youthful skin tone and reduce these unwanted effects. We find results are enhanced with the use of the quality products we can recommend.


Suggested Treatments

  • Laser – intense pulse light (IPL) treatments reduce the number and severity of active lesions, calming inflammation and slowing the frequency of breakouts.
  • Skin peels – help improve acne by addressing all contributing factors, without causing dehydration or inflammation.
  • Micro-needling – helps to reduce lines, wrinkles, open pores and acne scarring and treats dry, dehydrated skin to leave your skin looking fresher and smoother.
  • LED Light – we use blemish-fighting blue light therapy to treat the causes and symptoms of acne and rosacea by reducing inflammation, irritation and bacteria with no downtime.
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